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  Nuffield,+BMC Rileys

"In November 1937 it has been announced that the accounts for an eighteen month period ending 31st July 1937 would be made available and that they would reflect a trading loss. It had been hoped that the profits placed in reserve in previous years would cover that loss, but this proved insufficient. On 24th February 1938, Sir W. H. Peat K.B.E. was appointed Receiver and Manager of Riley (Coventry) Limited and continued to run the affairs of the Company. Attempts had been made to merge Riley with another Coventry car maker, Triumph, but with no success. In the meantime cars continued to be produced with the Victor offered with preselector gearbox now in both variants, 1½ litre and 9 h.p., priced at £325 In September of that year the company was sold to Lord Nuffield. The Riley (Coventry) Limited become Riley (Coventry) Successors Limited under the Nuffield banner. Assurances were given by Lord Nuffield that the characteristics of the Riley cars would be retained'. Lord Nuffield sold Riley to Morris Motors Limited and the 1939 models were announced: a six light saloon and a two door four seat drop-head with choice of four-cylinder 1½- and 2- litre engines only."

**The models from 1937 onwards then became a mixture of Riley designed cars with the last totally Riley designed car being the Victor and Nuffield variants mixed in with drawing board projects completed under the new management but often using common components. The swiftness of the axe can be seen in the data below**

1937/8

Nines:-
"The Merlin Nine continues in production, at the price of £269, and is little changed for the new season. During the year it was joined by the Touring Saloon. It is basically a Merlin with a boot. It costs £290 and is offered with the preselcctor gearbox or a new 3 speed overdrive gearbox with synchromesh on second and top gears. It disappeared from the Nine range in September, replace with the new Victor Saloon. The Monaco has two carburettor engine and is sold for £298."
Merlin Saloon   - discontinued wb: 8ft 10½in 4 cyl. 2 ohv 1087 cc9.01 HP
Monaco Saloon   - discontinued wb: 8ft 10½in 4 cyl. 2 ohv 1087 cc9.01 HP
Touring  Saloon - new model - discontinued wb: 8ft 10½in 4 cyl. 2 ohv 1087 cc9.01 HP
Victor Saloon - new model wb: 8ft 10½in 4 cyl. 2 ohv 1087 cc9.01 HP

1½-Litre  12/4
"All the 1937 models has water pumps and mechanical fuel pumps. The Third Type Newton-design centrifugal clutch is fitted on all chassis. Built-in jacks are deleted.
The Falcon has an all-steel body built by the Briggs body, with price reduced by £20. Experiment with the Sprite engine made available on Kestrel and Lynx last year proved very popular this variant is now available on all models.
All new is the very pretty Touring Saloon known unofficially as the Continental Touring Saloon. Like the other cars in the range, it is offered with Standard Series engine at £350, or with the Special Series engine at £377 and the Sprite engined version is £398. An interesting feature of the design is the boot lid, which is in two sections: one top hinged and the other bottom hinged, carrying the spare wheel.
The 1937 Motor Show at Olympia saw the new season's range consisting of Kestrel, Adelphi, Touring saloons and the Lynx. The most significant revision was actually announced in mid-1937 and is the option of a three speed dual overdrive gearbox instead of preselector. Also introduced is the 'Hi-charge' induction system to improve the volumetric efficiency of the engine by lengthening the inlet manifold pipes and putting them in the vertical plane. This system did not meet the expectations and by the time of the Motor Show was abandoned."
Kestrel Saloon 9ft 4½in wb: 4 cyl. 2 ohv 1496 cc11.9 HP
Adelphi Saloon 9ft 4½in wb: 4 cyl. 2 ohv 1496 cc11.9 HP
Touring Saloon 9ft 4½in  wb: 4 cyl. 2 ohv 1496 cc11.9 HP  - discontinued
Falcon Saloon 9ft 1in  wb: 4 cyl. 2 ohv 1496 cc11.9 HP   - discontinued
Lynx  Tourer  9ft 1in wb: 4 cyl. 2 ohv 1496 cc11.9 HP
Merlin Saloon 8ft 10in-wb: 4 cyl. 2 ohv 1496 cc11.9 HP    - discontinued
Victor Saloon 8ft 10in - wb: 4 cyl. 2 ohv 1496 cc11.9 HP  new model
Touring Saloon 9ft 1in - wb: 4 cyl. 2 ohv 1496 cc11.9 HP  new model

Sixes:-15/6
Adelphi Saloon 9ft 4½in wb: 6 cyl. 2 ohv 1726 cc14.3 HP    - discontinued
Kestrel Saloon 9ft 4½in wb: 6 cyl. 2 ohv 1726 cc14.3 HP   - discontinued
Lynx Tourer 9ft 4½in wb: 6 cyl. 2 ohv 1726 cc14.3 HP   - discontinued
Adelphi Saloon 9ft 8½in wb: 6 cyl. 2 ohv 1726 cc14.3 HP
Kestrel Saloon 9ft 8½in wb: 6 cyl. 2 ohv 1726 cc14.3 HP   - discontinued

 8/90 19hp:-
"The company also produces an Adelphi model with 18 HP V-8-cylinder engines. These engines are made up of two 9 HP blocks and has a cubic capacity of 2178 cc (60.3 x 95.2 mm). For 1938 it adopted the Big Four 16 hp chassis."
Adelphi Saloon wb: 9ft 8 ½ in   - discontinued  V8 cyl. 3 ohv 2178 cc18.05 HP
Adelphi Saloon wb: 9ft 8 ½ in - new model V8 cyl. 3 ohv 2178 cc18.05 HP

Sprite:- 2-seater  wb: 8ft 1½in 4 cyl. 2 ohv 1496 cc 11.9 HP
TT Sprite 1.494 cc - discontinued

Blue Streak/16hp:-
"Riley 15 HP `Blue Streak' (the 8-90 is the `Silver Streak') model is powered by a 1726-cc four-cylinder engine having a bore of 80.5 mm., a stroke of 120 mm., and an R.A.C. horsepower rating of 16.07. In saloon form it costs £380. The engine has a number of details in common with the 1½-Litre, including the Riley hemispherical combustion chambers, a gear-driven oil pump and two camshafts high in the cylinder block. Unlike on older Riley car it is mounted in the chassis on four rubber blocks, has different crankshaft design and many other details. The chassis is shared with the 8-cylinder 8-90 model. The borg Warner gearbox has three speed and dual overdrive on third and second, giving effectively five ratios.
Five coachwork models are offered. Two saloons - Adelphi at £405, the Kestrel at £415, the Close Coupled Saloon is offered at £415, the Touring Saloon is priced at £385 and The Lynx Tourer."
Adelphi Saloon wb: 9ft 8½ in 4 cyl. 2 ohv 2443 cc16.07 HP - new model in September
Lynx Tourer wb: 9ft 8½ in 4 cyl. 2 ohv 2443 cc16.07 HP - new model in September
Touring Saloon wb: 9ft 8½ in 4 cyl. 2 ohv 2443 cc16.07 HP - new model in September
Close Coupled Saloon wb: 9ft 8½ in 4 cyl. 2 ohv 2443 cc16.07 HP - new model in September
Kestrel Saloon wb: 9ft 8½ in 4 cyl. 2 ohv 2443 cc16.07 HP - new model in September

1938/9


"In November 1937 it has been announced that the accounts for an eighteen month period ending 31st July 1937 would be made available and that they would reflect a trading loss. It had been hoped that the profits placed in reserve in previous years would cover that loss, but this proved insufficient. On 24th February 1938, Sir W. H. Peat K.B.E. was appointed Receiver and Manager of Riley (Coventry) Limited and continued to run the affairs of the Company. Attempts had been made to merge Riley with another Coventry car maker, Triumph, but with no success. In the meantime cars continued to be produced with the Victor offered with preselector gearbox now in both variants, 1½ litre and 9 h.p., priced at £325 In September of that year the company was sold to Lord Nuffield. The Riley (Coventry) Limited become Riley (Coventry) Successors Limited under the Nuffield banner. Assurances were given by Lord Nuffield that the characteristics of the Riley cars would be retained'. Lord Nuffield sold Riley to Morris Motors Limited and the 1939 models were announced: a six light saloon and a two door four seat drop-head with choice of four-cylinder 1½- and 2- litre engines only."

Nines:- 
Victor Saloon-wb: 8ft 10½in 4 cyl. 2 ohv 1087 cc9.01 HP discontinued. The only Nine for 1938 it the Victor Saloon. Despite competitive price of £299 it did not enjoy much success.

1½-Litre  12/4
"The new cars for 1938 are the Victor Saloon and the Touring Saloon.
The Victor is an all-steel saloon, similar to its predecessor, the Merlin. Indeed, it is basically the same 8 ft. 10 in. wheelbase chassis. It was originally offered at the Motor Show with the options of 1½-Litre engine and dual overdrive gearbox or 9 h.p. engine and preselector gearbox. It has leather upholstery and the interior is trimmed with wooden door cappings and dashboard and costs £299.The Touring Saloon is built, like the Victor, by Briggs Motor Bodies Limited. It has the short chassis of 9 ft. 1 in. wheelbase which is also used for the Lynx. Basically, the new car is a Falcon with a boot accessible through a top-mounted lid. The spare wheel is mounted on the rear panel and is enclosed inside behind a metal cover. The price of this model is £345.The Adelphi, Kestrel and Lynx models all continue in production. The price in standard form are £375 for the Adelphi and £385 for the other two. Special Series and Sprite versions are still available at extra cost of £27 and £48 respectively. All of these models are available with a choice of preselector or dual-overdrive gearboxes at no difference in price.All the 1938 models use vertical chrome plated slats in the radiator shells, replacing the earlier honeycomb and the bonnet-side louvres has been deleted."
Kestrel Saloon 9ft 4½in wb: 4 cyl. 2 ohv 1496 cc11.9 HP 
Adelphi Saloon 9ft 4½in wb: 4 cyl. 2 ohv 1496 cc11.9 HP 
Lynx Tourer 9ft 1in wb: 4 cyl. 2 ohv 1496 cc11.9 HP 
Touring  Saloon 9ft 1in wb: 4 cyl. 2 ohv 1496 cc11.9 HP 
Victor Saloon 8ft 10in wb: 4 cyl. 2 ohv 1496 cc11.9 HP 

15/6:-
Adelphi Saloon 9ft 8½in wb: 6 cyl. 2 ohv 1726 cc14.3 HP

8/90:-
Adelphi  Saloon wb: 9ft 8 ½ in V8 cyl. 3 ohv 2178 cc18.05 HP - discontinued

Blue Streak/16hp:-?

Sprite:-
2-seater wb: 8ft 1½in 4 cyl. 2 ohv 1496 cc 11.9 HP   " The Sprite Two seater price has been increased by £25, putting it up to £450 with the choice of the standard preselector gearbox or the optional manual unit. Vast majority of the customers bought their Sprites with preselectors".

1939/40

Twelve:- 
new model: "Riley Twelve Model 29S Saloon has a four-cylinder 1496-cc (69 x 100 mm) OHV engine, four-speed gearbox and 9 ft wheelbase. It features several styling modifications. A drophead Coupé Model 29D is also available. Other 1939 Rileys are of the 16 HP type (saloon and drophead Coupé)." 
saloon,  new model: 12 HP (1496 cm³,)
drophead saloon 'Spirit' 12 HP (1496 cm³,)

Sixteen:-
Kestrel 16 HP (2443 cm³,) – new model:  

1940/41

"Riley Twelve of 1939/40 is one of two models offered, the other being the 16 HP Big Four. The Twelve, or 1½-Litre, has a 1496-cc (69 x 100 mm) four-cylinder engine of 11.9 HP rating. Prices are from £310 to £335."
end of production




From Wikipedia as saves time and is well sourced but has no named author to credit:-

Nuffield Organisation

By 1937, Riley began to look to other manufacturers for partnerships. A contract with Briggs Motor Bodies of Dagenham to provide all-steel bodies for a cheaper, more mass-market saloon had already turned sour, with dozens of unsold bodies littering the factory. It had withdrawn from works racing after its most successful year, 1934, although it continued to supply engines for the ERA, a voiturette (Formula 2) racing car based on the supercharged 6-cylinder 'White Riley', developed by ERA founder Raymond Mays in the mid-thirties. BMW of Munich, Germany was interested in expanding its range into England. But the Riley brothers were more interested in a larger British concern, and looked to Triumph Motor Company, also of Coventry, as a natural fit. In February 1938, all negotiations were suspended. On 24 February the directors placed Riley (Coventry) Limited and Autovia in voluntary receivership. On 10 March the Triumph board announced merger negotiations had been dropped.
It was announced on 9 September 1938 that the assets and goodwill of Riley Motors (Coventry) Limited had been purchased from the receiver by Lord Nuffield and he would on completion transfer ownership to Morris Motors Limited "on terms which will show very considerable financial advantage to the company, resulting in further consolidation of its financial position". Mr Victor Riley then said this did not mean that the company would cease its activities.On 30 September Victor Riley announced that Riley (Coventry) Limited would be wound up but it would appear that the proceeds of liquidation would be insufficient to meet the amount due to debenture holders. Nuffield paid £143,000 for the business and a new company was formed, Riley Motors Limited. However, in spite of the announced intention to wind-up Riley (Coventry) Limited, perhaps for tax reasons, continued under the management of Victor Riley presumably with the necessary consents of debenture holders (part paid) creditors (nothing) and former shareholders (nothing). Nuffield passed ownership to his Morris Motors Limited for £100. Along with other Morris Motors subsidiaries Wolseley and MG, Riley would later be promoted as a member of the Nuffield Organisation. Riley Motors Limited seems to have begun trading at the end of the 1940s when Riley (Coventry) Limited disappeared..
Nuffield took quick measures to firm up the Riley business. Autovia was no more, with just 35 cars having been produced. Riley refocused on the 4-cylinder market with two engines: A 1.5-litre 12 hp engine and the "Big Four", a 2.5-litre 16 hp unit (The hp figures are RAC Rating, and bear no relationship to bhp or kW). Only a few bodies were produced prior to the onset of war in 1939, and some components were shared with Morris for economies of scale. Though they incorporated a number of mechanical improvements- notably a Nuffield synchromesh gearbox- they were essentially interim models, suffering a loss of Riley character in the process. The new management responded to the concerns of the marque's loyal adherents by re-introducing the Kestrel 2.5 litre Sports Saloon in updated form, but as the factory was turned over to wartime production this was a short-lived development.
After World War II, Riley took up the old engines in new models, based in concept on the 1936-8 'Continental', a fashionable 'notchback' design whose name had been changed prior to release to 'Close-Coupled Touring Saloon' owing to feared objections from Rolls-Royce. The RMA used the 1.5-litre engine, while the RMB got the Big Four. Both engines, being derived from pre-war models, lent themselves as power units for specials and new specialist manufacturers, such as Donald Healey. The RM line of vehicles, sold under the "Magnificent Motoring" tag line, were to be a re-affirmation of Riley values in both road behaviour and appearance. 'Torsionic' front independent suspension and steering design inspired by the Citroën Traction Avant provided precise handling; their flowing lines were particularly well-balanced, marrying pre-war 'coachbuilt' elegance to more modern features, such as headlamps faired into the front wings. The RMC, a 3-seater roadster was an unsuccessful attempt to break into the American market, while the RMD was an elegant 4/5-seater two-door drophead, of which again few were made. The 1.5-litre RME and 2.5-litre RMF were later developments of the saloon versions, which continued in production into the mid-fifties.
Victor Riley was removed by Nuffield in 1947. In early 1949 the Coventry works were made an extension of Morris Motors' engine branch. Riley production was consolidated with MG at Abingdon.Wolseley production was moved to Cowley. Nuffield's marques were then organised in a similar way to those of General Motors: Morris was the value line, and Wolseley the luxury marque. Aside from their small saloons MG largely offered spartan performance, especially with their open sports cars, while Riley sought to be both sporty and luxurious. With Wolseley also fighting for the top position, however, the range was crowded and confused.

British Motor Corporation

 The confusion became critical in 1952 with the merger of Nuffield and Austin as the British Motor Corporation. Now, Riley was positioned between MG and Wolseley and most Riley models would become, like those, little more than badge-engineered versions of Austin/Morris designs.
The first all-new Riley under BMC, however, was designated the RMH, and because of its distinctive engine and suspension design, has been called 'the last real Riley'. This was the Pathfinder, with Riley's familiar 2.5-litre four developed to produce 110 bhp. (The RMG 'Wayfarer', a projected 1.5-litre version, was rejected as underpowered). The Pathfinder body was later reworked and, with a different engine and rear suspension, sold as the Wolseley 6/90. The Riley lost its distinct (though externally subtle) differences in 1958, and the 6/90 of that year was available badge engineered as a Riley Two-Point-Six. Although this was the only postwar 6-cylinder Riley, its C-Series engine was actually less powerful than the Riley Big Four that it replaced. This was to be the last large Riley, with the model dropped in May 1959 and Riley refocusing on the under-2-litre segment.
Riley and Wolseley were linked in small cars as well. Launched in 1957, the Riley One-Point-Five and Wolseley 1500 were based on the unused but intended replacement for the Morris Minor. They shared their exteriors, but the Riley was marketed as the more performance-oriented option, having an uprated engine, twin S.U. carburetters and a close-ratio gearbox. With its good handling, compact, sports-saloon styling and well-appointed interior, the One-Point-Five quite successfully recaptured the character of the 1930s light saloons.

At the top of the Riley line for April 1959 was the new Riley 4/Sixty-Eight saloon. Again, it was merely a badge-engineered version of other BMC models. The steering was perhaps the worst feature of the car, being Austin-derived cam and peg rather than the rack and pinion of the One-Point-Five. Overall, it could not provide the sharp and positive drive associated with previous Rileys, being based on the humble Austin Cambridge and Morris Oxford. Sharing many features with the similarly upmarket MG Magnette Mark III and Wolseley 15/60, it was the most luxurious of the versions, which were all comfortable and spacious, and (nominally) styled by Farina. The car was refreshed, along with its siblings, in 1961 and rebadged the 4/Seventy-Two.
The early 1960s also saw the introduction of the Riley Elf based on the original Mini. Again, a Wolseley model (the Hornet) was introduced simultaneously. This time, the Riley and Wolseley versions were differentiated visually by their grilles but identical mechanically.
The final model of the BMC era was the Kestrel 1100/1300, based on the Austin/Morris 1100/1300 saloon (BMC ADO16). This also had stablemates in Wolseley and MG versions. Following objections from diehard Riley enthusiasts, the Kestrel name was dropped for the last facelift in 1968, the Riley 1300.
Between 1966 and 1968, a series of mergers took place in the British motor industry, ultimately creating the British Leyland Motor Corporation, whose management embarked on a programme of rationalisation—in which the Riley marque was an early casualty. The badge began to be discontinued in many export markets almost immediately. A BLMC press release was reported in The Times of 9 July 1969: "British Leyland will stop making Riley cars from today. "With less than 1 per cent of the home market, they are not viable" the company said last night. The decision will end 60 years of motoring history. No other marques in the British Leyland stable are likely to suffer the same fate "in the foreseeable future".